UZBEKISTAN, February 11 – On February 11, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev chaired a videoconference on road safety issues.
“Over the past five years, this issue has not been seriously discussed or analyzed by any leader or organization. Laws and work in this area are not satisfactory. The issue of road safety is out of control. This causes complaints from people,” said the head of state.
In 2021, more than 10,000 road accidents occurred in Uzbekistan, in which more than 9,000 people were injured. About 2.5 thousand people died.
According to the analysis, 25% of accidents are caused by poor road conditions and disorganized infrastructure. For example, dozens of people die every year on the roads between Pop and Turakurgan, Jarkurgan and Denau, Samarkand and Guzar, on the section of A-373 road passing through Yazyavan district. Unfortunately, there are such dangerous places in every region, district and city.
The regions where traffic accidents occur most often were announced at the meeting and disciplinary measures against the officials were determined. The head of the internal affairs department of the Namangan region, the head of the regional road safety departments of Andijan and Samarkand were relieved of their duties.
It was pointed out that the cause of most road accidents is deliberate non-compliance with the rules by drivers and their inexperience, as well as non-compliance with the rules by pedestrians. In this regard, the national “Road and Pedestrian Safety” program will be implemented in all regions this year.
The Legislative Chamber and the competent authorities have noted the need to drastically revise and improve the standards of traffic legislation, taking into account the frequent cases of flagrant and repeated violations of the rules.
It is planned to introduce a system of penalty points for each infringement in order to ensure the inevitability of the sanction. For example, if a driver exceeds the speed limit, he will get 1 point, and if he runs a red light – 3 points. If the number of violations for the year exceeds 12 points, the driver will be deprived of the right to drive and sent to retake the exam.
In addition, the procedure for determining the insurance premium for compulsory driver’s liability insurance based on penalty points will be introduced.
A new type of liability will be introduced – road hooliganism – for irresponsible driving and hindering other road users.
Noting that the current traffic rules are outdated, the Head of State instructed to update them according to international standards, taking into account the opinions of specialists and drivers.
Driver training and testing issues were also discussed at the meeting.
The number of vehicles in Uzbekistan is increasing every year, and the culture of mutual respect and the qualifications of drivers, on the contrary, are decreasing. Thus, 75% of road accidents are committed by drivers under the age of 35. The curricula and manuals taught in driving schools do not meet modern requirements.
In this regard, the Ministry of the Interior is responsible for monitoring the quality of education in driving schools. He was tasked with examining the needs of these schools and test centres, improving the effectiveness of driving instruction and the qualifications of teachers.
The most effective way to manage traffic flows is through digitization. But work in this direction is progressing slowly.
In particular, digital management covers only 111 of 602 intersections in Tashkent. In other cities, this system does not exist at all.
Tashkent City Hokimiyat has been tasked with digitizing traffic management on the capital’s roads, covering all intersections over the next two years. The implementation of such a system in the regions is entrusted to the hokim of the regions.
The need to develop new concepts of traffic management and safety in the city of Nukus and regional centers was highlighted.
Road conditions and infrastructure issues were also analyzed during the meeting.
Last year, more than 10,000 calls about traffic problems were received from the public. In particular, more than 2,000 intersections with active traffic and about 10,000 pedestrian crossings are not equipped with traffic lights and other means. About 15,000 kilometers of walking and cycling trails are missing in the settlements.
In addition, half of the traffic signs do not meet the requirements. Most of the companies under the regional hokimiyats responsible for installing road signs and traffic lights use old equipment. It has been determined that these companies will be transferred to the management of road safety in the territory concerned.
From now on, only the road safety system will be responsible for installing road signs, traffic lights and lighting equipment, beaconing, determining pedestrian routes in regional and departmental centres, and technical organization of traffic in general. Republican and regional funds for road safety and pedestrian safety will be created to finance this work.
In addition, the monopoly of the Roads Committee on the production of road signs will be abolished, entrepreneurs will be attracted to this field.
The Head of State has instructed to make traffic on the streets more convenient for motorists and pedestrians.
“Traffic rules must be scientifically based. A thoughtful speed limit should be set in the central streets of major cities. In particular, in front of schools and kindergartens, the speed of movement should not exceed 30 kilometers per hour. On some busy streets, it is necessary to reduce the current speed from 70 kilometers per hour to 60 kilometers,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
In this regard, the task was set to create a specialized scientific and practical center in this area.
Sphere officials and hokims reported on the issues discussed at the meeting.